The Study of Organic Fertilizers Application on Two Soybean Varieties in Organic Saturated Soil Culture

Authors

  • Sandra Arifin Aziz Department of Agronomy and Horticulture Bogor Agricultural University
  • Maya Melati Bogor Agricultural University
  • Elrisa Ramadhani Bogor Agricultural University

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.29244/jtcs.3.1.19-27

Keywords:

Centrosema pubescens, chicken manure, drainage, green manure, organic, saturated soil culture, soybean, tidal swamp, Tithonia diversifolia

Abstract

Indonesia is facing soybean shortage and the low productivity of soybean production from decreasing acreage. Saturated soil culture (SSC) could be one of the solutions for marginal land with drainage problem. Saturated soil culture is cultivation technology that gives continuous irrigation and maintains water depth constantly and makes soil layer in saturated condition. Farmers can use on-farm inputs that are normally available at the production site. An organic farming system may be able to ensure local and regional food security through continuous production. The study was conducted at Cikarawang Experimental Station of Bogor Agricultural University, Indonesia, from December 2009 to February 2011. The objective of the research was to determine the influence of organic fertilizer application on the productivity of two varieties of soybean, “Anjasmoro” and “Wilis”,    in organic saturated soil culture conducted in two cropping seasons. Prior to the experiment all plots were applied with 2 ton.ha-1 of dolomite, 2 ton.ha-1 of rice hull ash, and 10 ton.ha-1 of chicken manure. The experiment of the first season used split plot design with six replications. The main-plot was organic fertilizer that consisted of chicken manure only (20 ton.ha-1), chicken manure (10 t.ha-1) + Centrosema pubescens (4.2 t.ha-1), chicken manure (10 ton.ha-1) + Tithonia diversifolia (4.2 t.ha-1). The sub-plot was soybean varieties “Anjasmoro” and “Wilis”. The soybean productivity was not affected by the application of organic fertilizers. “Willis” productivity (1.98 t.ha-1) was higher than “Anjasmoro” (1.80 t.ha-1). The experiment of second season used split-split plot design with three replications. The main-plot consisted of 50 and 100% fertilizer rate of the first cropping season; the sub-plot was the same types of organic fertilizer with soybean varieties as sub-sub-plot. Rate of fertilizer, types of organic fertilizer and soybean variety did not affect productivity. Application of 50 and 100% rate of fertilizer in the second season produced 2.41 and 2.55 t.ha-1 of dry seeds, respectively. Soybean plants treated with chicken manure, green manure from C. pubescens and T. diversifolia produced 2.45, 2.50 and 2.49 t.ha-1 of dry seeds, respectively. “Anjasmoro” and “Wilis” produced 2.50 and 2.45 t.ha-1 of dry seeds, respectively. Productivity in the second season was 26.26-36.61% higher than those of the first cropping season.

Author Biographies

Maya Melati, Bogor Agricultural University

Department of Agronomy and Horticulture, Bogor Agricultural University, Darmaga Campus, Bogor 16680, Indonesia

Elrisa Ramadhani, Bogor Agricultural University

Agronomy and Horticulture Study Program, Department of Agronomy and Horticulture, Bogor Agricultural University, Darmaga Campus, Bogor 16680, Indonesia

References

Ayanlaja, S.A., and Sanwo, J.O. (1991). Management of soil organic matter in the farming systems of the lowland humid tropics of West Africa: a review. Soil Technology 4, 265-279.

Barus, L.E. (2005). Pengaruh pemberian pupuk hijau dan fosfat alam terhadap pertumbuhan dan produksi kedelai (Glycine max (L.) Merr) panen muda dengan sistem pertanian organik. Thesis. Budidaya Pertanian, Fakultas Pertanian. Institut Pertanian Bogor. Bogor.

Bilgili, M.S., Demir, A., and Ozkaya, B. (2007). Influence of leachate recirculation on aerobic and anaerobic decomposition of solid wastes. Journal of Hazardous Material 143, 177-183.

Dalal, R.C., Strong, W.M., Weston, E.J., and Gaffney, J. (1991). Sustaining multiple productions systems: II. Soil fertility decline and restoration of cropping lands in subtropical Queensland. Tropical Grassland 25, 171-180.

Gani, J.A. 2000. “Varietas Unggul Baru”. Information sheet (Liptan) IP2TP Mataram No. 07/ Liptan/2000. Instalasi Penelitian dan Pengkajian teknologi Pertanian Mataram Desember. Agdex, 141.

Ghulamahdi, M., Aziz, S.A., Melati, M., Dewi, N., dan Rais, S.A. (2005). Aktivitas nitrogenase, serapan hara dan pertumbuhan dua varietas kedelai pada kondisi jenuh air dan kering. Buletin Agronomi 34, 32-38.

Ghulamahdi, M., Chaerunisa, S.R.,Lubis, I., Taylor, P. (2016). Response of five soybean varieties under saturated soil culture and temporary flooding on tidal swamp. Procedia Environmental Sciences 33, 87-93.

Ghulamahdi, M., Melati, M., dan Murdianto. (2009). “Penerapan teknologi budidaya jenuh air dan penyimpanan benih kedelai di lahan pasang surut”. Unpublished Report. Laporan Program Insentif 2009, Kementrian Negara Riset dan Teknologi. Indonesia.

Hindratno, T.P. (2006). Pengaruh lama dekomposisi pupuk hijau dan jenis pelapuk terhadap budidaya kedelai (Glycine max (L.) Merr) panen muda secara organik. Thesis. Program Studi Agronomi, Fakultas Pertanian, Institut Pertanian Bogor. Indonesia.

Hunter, M.N., De Fabrun, P.L.M., and Byth, D.E. (1980). Response of nine soybean lines to soil moisture conditions close to soil saturation. Journal of Experimental Agriculture and Animal Husbandry 20, 339-345.

Kurniasih, W. (2006). Pengaruh jenis, dosis benih dan umur tanaman pupuk hijau terhadap produksi kedelai (Glycine max (L.) Merr) panen muda organik. Thesis. Agronomi dan Hortikultura, Fakultas Pertanian. Institut Pertanian Bogor. Indonesia.

LIPTAN (Lembar Informasi Pertanian). (1996). Paket teknologi tanaman kedelai varietas Lokon, Wilis dan Orba. LPTP Koya Barat, Irian Jaya, Loka Pengkajian Teknologi Pertanian Koya Barat, Februari 1996. Agdex 141, 20.

Melati, M., dan Andriyani, W. (2005). Pengaruh pupuk kandang ayam dan pupuk hijau Colopogonium mucunoides terhadap pertumbuhan dan produksi kedelai panen muda yang dibudidayakan secara organik. Buletin Agronomi 33, 8-15.

Melati, M. Asiah, A., dan Rianawati, D. (2008). Aplikasi pupuk organik dan residunya untuk produksi kedelai panen muda. Buletin Agronomi 36, 204-213.

Nathanson K., Lawn R.L., De Jabrun PLM, Byth DE: Growth nodulation and nitrogen accumulation by soybean in saturated soil culture. Field Crop Research 8, 733- 92.

Jin-Hee Park, Lamb, D., Paneerselvam, P., Choppala, G., Bolan, N., and Jae-Woo Chung. (2011). Role of organic amendments on enhanced bioremediation of heavy metal(oid) contaminated soil. Journal of Hazardous Material 185, 549-574.

Ramadhani, E., Melati, M., and Aziz, S.A. (2011). Kajian aplikasi jenis pupuk pada dua varietas kedelai secara organik dengan system budidaya jenuh air pada dua musim tanam. Thesis. Program Studi Agronomi dan Hortikultura, Fakultas Pertanian, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Indonesia.

Santos, V.D., Araujo, A.S.F., Leite, L.F.C., Nunes, L.A.PL., and Melo, W.J. (2012). Soil microbial biomass and organic matter fractions during transition from conventional to organic farming systems. Ganoderma 170, 227-231.

Sinaga, Y.A.S. (2005). Pengaruh pemberian pupuk organik terhadap pertumbuhan dan produksi kedelai (Glycine max (L.) Merr.) panen muda yang diusahakan secara organik. Thesis. Budidaya Pertanian. Institut Pertanian Bogor. Bogor, Indonesia.

Sumarno. (1986). Response of soybeans (Glycine max (L.) Merr.) genotypes to continuous saturated cultured. Indonesia Journal of Crop Science 2, 71-78.

Troedson, R.J., Lawn, R.J., Byth, D.E., and Wilson, G.L. (1983). Saturated soil culture in innovated water management option for soybean in the tropics and sub tropics. In “Proceedings of Symposium The Soybean in Tropical and Subtropical System” (S. Shanmugasundaran and E.W. Sulzberger, eds.) pp 171-180. Tsukuba, Japan.

Troedson, R.J., Lawn, R.J., Byth, D.E., and Wilson, G.L. (1984). “Nitrogen fixation by soybean in saturated soil”. Australian Legume Nodulation Conference. Sydney, Australia.

Downloads

Published

2016-02-01

How to Cite

Aziz, S. A., Melati, M., & Ramadhani, E. (2016). The Study of Organic Fertilizers Application on Two Soybean Varieties in Organic Saturated Soil Culture. Journal of Tropical Crop Science, 3(1), 19–27. https://doi.org/10.29244/jtcs.3.1.19-27