Correlation of Leaf NPK and Leaf Pigments of Coleus atropurpureus L. Benth during Vegetative and Generative Phases


  • Intan Annisa Respita Postgraduate School, IPB University, Bogor, 16680, Indonesia.
  • Sandra Arifin Aziz Department of Agronomy and Horticulture, IPB University, Bogor, 16680, Indonesia.
  • Ani Kurniawati Tropical Biopharmaca Research Center, IPB University



herbal plant,, Lamiaceae, leaf position, nutrition, vegetative, generative phase


Coleus atropurpureus L. Benth is a annual plant that has a distinctive leaf aroma and bitter taste. C. atropurpureus leaves contain phenolic compounds and antioxidants that can capture free radicals; free radicals play an important role in preventing various human diseases. A study was conducted to determine the correlation between leaf position (1st to 4th) at the vegetative and generative phases with leaf pigments, N, P, K, and total flavonoid concentrations. The results showed that leaf chlorophyll a, chlorophyll b, total chlorophyll, carotenoid, anthocyanin, nitrogen, and total flavonoids were higher in the vegetative phase. Therefore, C. atropurpureus is better harvested in the vegetative phase, and the 2nd leaf position can be used as indicator for N, K, pigments and total flavonoid content.


Achmad, H., Supriatno, Marhamah, Rasmidar. (2014). Anti-cancer and anti-proliferation activity of ethanol fraction of ant nest plants (Myrmecodya pendans) on human tongue ca. Dentofasial 13, 1–6.
Ahmad, A., Massi, M.N. (2014). The antituberculosis drug rifampicin is activated by 2’,5’-dimethyl benzopelargonolactone from the leaf of Coleus atropurpureus L. Benth. International Journal of Pharma and Biosciences 5, 758–764.
Aziz, S.A. (2015). Ecophysiological perspective on the production of bioactive medicinal plants. In “Increased Production, Benefits, and Sustainability of Indonesian Plant Biodiversity” (S. Ilyas, N.A. Mattjik, Suharsono, G.A. Wattimena, S. Yahya, M.A. Chozin, S. Susanto, S.A. Aziz, D. Sopandie, and S. Hardjowigeno, eds.) 1st ed. 438 pp. IPB Press.
Chang, C.C., Yang, M.H., Wen, H.M., Chern, J.C. (2002). Estimation of total flavonoid concentration in propolis by two complementary colorimetric methods. Journal of Food and Drug Analysis 10, 178–182.
Diem, H.G., Duhoux, E., and Zaid, H., Arahou, M. (2000). Cluster roots in casuarinaceae: role and relationship to soil nutrient factors. Annals Botany 85, 929-936.
Gascon, M.G. (2011). Traditional ecological knowledge system of the Matigsalug tribe in mitigating the effects of dengue and malaria outbreak. Asian Journal of Health Ethno Medical Section 1, 160–171.
Gogahu, Y., Ai, S.N., and Siahaan, P. (2016). Konsentrasi klorofil pada beberapa varietas tanaman puring ( Codiaeum varigatum L.). Jurnal MIPA UNSRAT 5, 76–80.
Gross, M. (2004). Flavonoids and cardiovascular disease. Pharmaceutical Biology 42, 21–35.
Hughes, N.M., Morley, C.B., and Smith, W.K. (2007). Coordination of anthocyanin decline and photosynthetic maturation in juvenile leaves of three deciduous tree species. New Phytologist 175, 675–685.




How to Cite

Respita, I. A., Aziz, S. A., & Kurniawati, A. (2019). Correlation of Leaf NPK and Leaf Pigments of Coleus atropurpureus L. Benth during Vegetative and Generative Phases. Journal of Tropical Crop Science, 6(03), 174–181.