Heat Unit Establishment as Harvest Criteria on “Mas Kirana” Banana at Various Times of Anthesis

Authors

  • Muhammad Syaifuddin Abdurrohim Planning Division, Directorate General of Horticulture, Ministry of Agriculture
  • Winarso Drajat Widodo Bogor Agricultural University
  • Ketty Suketi Bogor Agricultural University

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.29244/jtcs.5.2.41-48

Abstract

The method for determining the appropriate time to harvest banana could affect the shelf life and quality of banana fruits during storage. The objectives of this study were to establish the heat unit as harvesting criteria of banana “Mas Kirana” and to evaluate how heat unit affects fruit shelf life and postharvest maturity characteristics. The research was conducted at PTPN VIII Parakansalak Plantation, Sukabumi, West Java, Indonesia, in November 2017 to February 2018. Laboratory analysis was conducted in Postharvest Laboratory, Department of Agronomy and Horticulture IPB in February to April 2018. The experiment was organized in a completely randomized design with a single factor of eight different flower tagging times after anthesis. Each treatment was replicated five times totaling 40 experimental units. The results showed that the different times of anthesis did not affect fruit size, weight per hand, number of fruits per hand and weight per fruit. Different time of anthesis did not affect respiration rate, fruit shelf life, physical and chemical quality. The minimum heat unit of 650ºC degree days can be used as harvesting criteria for banana “Mas Kirana”. The number of day after anthesis was 39 to 43 with fruit shelf life of 12 to 16 days.

 

Author Biographies

Winarso Drajat Widodo, Bogor Agricultural University

Department of Agronomy and Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, Bogor Agricultural University

Ketty Suketi, Bogor Agricultural University

Department of Agronomy and Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, Bogor Agricultural University

References

Charoensub, R., Thiantong, D., and Phansiri, S. (2008). Micropropagation of bat flower plant, Tacca chantrieri Andre. Kasetsart Journal of Natural Science 42, 7-12.

Elle, E., Gillespie, S., Guindre-Parker, S., and Parachnowitsch, A. L. (2010). Variation in the timing of autonomous selfing among populations that differ in flower size, time to reproductive maturity, and climate. American Journal of Botany 97, 1894-1902.

Fu, L.K. and Jin, J.M. (1992). “China Plant Red Data Book, Rare and Endangered Plants”. Science Press, Beijing.

Hunter, D.G., and Shafia, A. (2000). Diseases of crops in the Maldives. Australasian Plant Pathology 29, 184-189.

Jackson, G. (2016). “Pacific Pests and Pathogens Fact Sheet: Arrowroot Leaf Spot”. Queensland Centre for International Agricultural Research. Canberra.

Kohler, F., Pellegrin, F., Jackson, G., and McKenzie, E. (1997). “Disease of Cultivated Crops in Pacific Island Countries”. South Pacific Comission, Pirie Printers Pty. Ltd. Canberra.

Krisantini, Wiendi, N.M.A., and Palupi, E.R. (2017). Evaluation of horticultural traits and seed germination of Tacca chantrieri ‘André. Agriculture and Natural Resources, 1-4.

Putri, Y.N.Q. (2016). “Studi Fenologi dan Pengecambahan Benih Tacca chantrieri Andre”. [Thesis]. Institut Pertanian Bogor.

Steinrut, L., Itharat, A., Ruangnoo, S. (2011). Free radical scavenging and lipid peroxidation of Thai medicinal plants used for diabetic treatment. Journal of Medical Association Thailand Suppl. 7: S178-182.

Sulong, N.A., Athirah, A., Aishah, A., and Sidik N.J. (2013). Optimization of plant growth hormones for in vitro seed germination of Tacca integrifolia. In: ISBEIA Conference; Serawak, Malaysia.

Wawo A.H., Lestari P., and Utami N.W. 2015. Studi perbanyakan vegetatif tanaman taka (Tacca leontopetaoides Kuntze) dan pola pertumbuhannya. Berita Biologi 14, 1-9.

Wright, J.G., Pelasio, M., and McKenzie, E.H.C.(2005). “Weeds and Plant Pathogenic Fungi and Viruses in Tokelau. Secretariatë of the Pacific Community. Suva.

Yokosuka, A., Mimaki, Y., Sashida, Y. (2002). Steroidal and pregnane glycosides from the rhizomes of Tacca chantrieri. Journal of Natural Products 65, 1293–1298.

Zhang, L., Chen, J., Li, D.Z., and Li, Q.J. (2007). Reproductive biology, mating system, and population genetics of devil flower: autonomous selfing plant with showy floral display. Floriculture and Ornamental Biotechnology 1, 115-124.

Zhang, L., Barrett, S.C.H., Gao, J.Y., Chen, J., Cole, W.W., Liu, Y., Bai, Z.L., Li, Q.J. (2005). Predicting mating patterns from pollination syndromes: the case of "sapromyophily" in Tacca chantrieri (Taccaceae). American Journal of Botany 92, 517-524.

Zhang, L., Li, Q.J., Li, H.T., Chen, J., Li, D.Z. (2006). Genetic diversity and geographic differentiation in Tacca chantrieri (Taccaceae): an autonomous selfing plant with showy floral display. Annals of Botany 98, 449–457.

Downloads

Published

2018-06-01

How to Cite

Abdurrohim, M. S., Widodo, W. D., & Suketi, K. (2018). Heat Unit Establishment as Harvest Criteria on “Mas Kirana” Banana at Various Times of Anthesis. Journal of Tropical Crop Science, 5(2), 41–48. https://doi.org/10.29244/jtcs.5.2.41-48