The Potentials of Limau (Citrus amblycarpa Hassk. Ochse) as A Functional Food and Ornamental Mini Tree Based on Metabolomic and Morphological Approaches

  • Rahmat Budiarto Bogor Agricultural University
  • Roedhy Poerwanto Bogor Agricultural University
  • Edi Santosa Bogor Agricultural University
  • Darda Efendi Bogor Agricultural University


Limau (Citrus amblycarpa (Hassk.) Ochse) is one of the native Citrus species of West Java that is grown in the local backyard, thus is easily found in local cuisines. Limau has great potentials for use as a potted plant in home gardens for its aesthetic value and fragrance. The objective of this research was to describe the metabolites fingerprint and morphology of Limau as a potential functional and ornamental mini tree. Methanol leaf extracts from one-year-old Limau originated from Bogor were analyzed using untargeted Gas Chromatography Mass Spectrometry (GCMS). Methanol leaf extract was dominated by vitamin E and composed of other 18 metabolites including phytosterols, fatty acids and terpenes. The major portion of fruit extract consisted of 6-octadecenoic acid, palmitate and various fragrance compounds such as alpha sinensal, alpha limonene, beta citronellal, citronellol, and sabinene. Limau fruits are also a functional food due to its rich antioxidant and aromatic content in the fruits. The morphology of limau tree is suitable as a potted ornamentals or mini-fruits tree for its small crown, sparse branching with unifoliate aromatic leaves and small spines, and plentiful aromatics mini fruits with the diameter of around 2-4 cm. 


Author Biographies

Rahmat Budiarto, Bogor Agricultural University
Graduate student in Department of Agronomy and Horticulture
Roedhy Poerwanto, Bogor Agricultural University
Professor in Department of Agronomy and Horticulture
Edi Santosa, Bogor Agricultural University
Lecture in Department of Agronomy and Horticulture
Darda Efendi, Bogor Agricultural University
Lecture in Department of Agronomy and Horticulture


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